The History of the Stasi: East Germany's Secret Police, 1945-1990

By Jens Gieseke

The East German Ministry for country safeguard stood for Stalinist oppression and all-encompassing surveillance. The "shield and sword of the party," it secured the rule of thumb of the Communist get together for greater than 40 years, and through the Eighties it had develop into the biggest secret-police gear on the earth, in line with capita. Jens Gieseke tells the tale of the Stasi, a feared secret-police strength and a hugely expert intelligence carrier. He inquires into the mechanisms of dictatorship and the daily results of surveillance and suspicion. Masterful and thorough straight away, he's taking the reader via this darkish bankruptcy of German postwar heritage, delivering key details on perpetrators, informers, and sufferers. In an evaluate of post-communist reminiscence politics, he seriously discusses the implications of establishing the documents and the results of the Stasi debate in reunified Germany. a tremendous consultant for study on communist secret-police forces, this ebook is taken into account the traditional reference paintings at the Stasi and has already been translated right into a variety of jap eu languages.

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The Norman Conquest: A Very Short Introduction

By George Garnett

The Norman Conquest in 1066 was once the most profound turning issues in English background, dramatically reworking a disparate choice of small international locations right into a robust eu kingdom. yet what truly occurred? How used to be the invasion considered by way of those that witnessed it? and the way has its legacy been visible by way of generations on account that? during this interesting Very brief creation, George Garnett--a major professional at the Norman Conquest and its aftermath--reveals how dramatically English lifestyles used to be replaced, remodeling every thing from its language to its legislation, and introducing a extra subtle kind of executive in addition to a permanent and excessive dislike of the French. He sheds mild at the differing methods the conquest has been considered by way of historians and in folklore over approximately a millennium, revealing how a lot of what we comprehend this present day in regards to the Norman Conquest was once coloured through the values of the Victorian Age, and exhibiting how historians have pieced jointly the occasions of 1066, together with the invasion through William the Conqueror and its climactic second on the conflict of Hastings.

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A History of Political Thought: From the Middle Ages to the Renaissance

By Janet Coleman

This quantity maintains the tale of ecu political theorising through targeting medieval and Renaissance thinkers. It contains broad dialogue of the practices that underpinned medieval political theories and which endured to play an important roles within the eventual improvement of early-modern political associations and debates. the writer moves a stability among attempting to comprehend the philosophical cogency of medieval and Renaissance arguments at the one hand, elucidating why historically-suited medieval and Renaissance thinkers proposal the methods they did approximately politics; and why we frequently imagine differently.

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By Bo Lidegaard

Amid the darkish, ghastly historical past of worldwide battle II, the actually amazing tale, by no means earlier than totally researched by way of a historian, of ways the Danish humans banded jointly to save lots of their fellow Jews from the Nazis—told in the course of the extraordinary unpublished diaries and files of households pressured to run for security, leaving their houses and possessions at the back of, and of these who courageously got here to their reduction.

In 1943, with its king and management weakened yet intact through the Nazi profession, Denmark did whatever that no different kingdom in Western Europe even tried. waiting for that the German occupying powers might quickly factor the long-feared order to around up the full inhabitants of Jews for deportation to focus camps, the Danish humans stood up in defiance and resisted. The king, politicians, and usual civilians have been united of their response—these threatened humans weren't easily Jews yet fellow Danes who occurred to be Jewish, and not anyone could assist in rounding them up for confinement and deportation.  

whereas diplomats used their constrained yet very actual strength to move and bog down issues in either Copenhagen and Berlin, the caution that the problem used to be to hand fast unfold during the Jewish group. Over fourteen harrowing days, as they have been helped, hidden, and guarded by means of usual those that spontaneously rushed to avoid wasting their fellow voters, an enormous 7,742 out of 8,200 Jewish refugees have been smuggled out all alongside the coast—on ships, schooners, fishing boats, whatever that floated—to Sweden.

whereas the naked evidence of this exodus were identified for many years, astonishingly no complete historical past of it's been written. Unfolding on a day by day foundation, Countrymen brings jointly money owed written by way of participants and officers as occasions occurred, providing a complete review that underlines occupied Denmark’s old value to Hitler as a prop for the version Nazi nation and revealing the savage clash between most sensible Nazi brass for keep watch over of the rustic. it is a tale of normal glory, of straightforward braveness and ethical fortitude that shines out in the middle of the bad background of the 20 th century and demonstrates the way it was once attainable for a small and fragile democracy to face opposed to the 3rd Reich.

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Women and Gender in Medieval Europe: An Encyclopedia

From women's medication and the writings of Christine de Pizan to the lives of marketplace and tradeswomen and the idealization of virginity, gender and social prestige dictated all elements of women's lives through the heart a while.

A cross-disciplinary source, Women and Gender in Medieval Europe examines the day-by-day truth of medieval ladies from all walks of lifestyles in Europe among 450 CE and 1500 CE, i.e., from the autumn of the Roman Empire to the invention of the Americas. relocating past biographies of recognized noble girls of the middles a while, the scope of this significant reference paintings is colossal and offers a accomplished figuring out of medieval women's lives and reports. Masculinity within the center a while can be addressed to supply vital context for knowing women's roles. Entries that diversity from 250 phrases to 4,500 phrases in size completely discover issues within the following parts:

· artwork and Architecture
· nations, nation-states, and Regions
· day-by-day Life
· Documentary Sources
· Economics
· schooling and Learning
· Gender and Sexuality
· Historiography
· Law
· Literature
· medication and Science
· song and Dance
· Persons
· Philosophy
· Politics
· Political Figures
· faith and Theology
· non secular Figures
· Social association and Status

Written via well known overseas students, Women and Gender in Medieval Europe is the most recent within the Routledge Encyclopedias of the center Ages. simply obtainable in an A-to-Z layout, scholars, researchers, and students will locate this notable reference paintings to be a useful source on ladies in Medieval Europe.

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Frommer's Ireland 2015 (Color Complete Guide)

Written via a veteran journalist, Frommer’s eire 2015 exhibits tourists tips on how to adventure the rustic the best way the locals do. This vintage Frommer’s sequence contains targeted costs; candid stories of the easiest eating places, points of interest and inns in each finances (from hostels to guest-accepting castles); and dozens of targeted maps. We additionally contain recommendation the vacationer board wouldn’t approve of: which internet sites to pass, tips to stay away from the crowds, and the way to stretch your go back and forth finances additional, even if you’re on a lavish honeymoon or backpacking it. Erin move Bragh!

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Croatia. (DK Eyewitness Travel Guide)

The uniquely visible "DK Eyewitness commute advisor Croatia" is your indispensible advisor to this fascinating kingdom. This absolutely up-to-date advisor contains precise cutaways, floorplans and reconstructions of Croatia's must-see websites, plus street-by-street maps of all its towns and cities. The new-look advisor is additionally full of pictures and illustrations best you immediately to the simplest points of interest this assorted state has to supply. "DK's Eyewitness trip advisor Croatia" can help you to find Croatia region-by-region; from the islands and nationwide Parks, to its intriguing towns and tranquil shores. distinctive listings will consultant you to the simplest motels, eating places, bars and retailers for all budgets, while functional details may help you to get round, even if via educate, automobile or ferry. Plus, DK's very good insider assistance gets you lower than the surface of Croatia, even explaining its historical past and customs. "DK Eyewitness go back and forth consultant Croatia" - exhibiting you what others in basic terms let you know.

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No Place to Call Home: Inside the Real Lives of Gypsies and Travellers

By Katharine Quarmby

They are reviled. for hundreds of years the Roma have wandered Europe; through the Holocaust part 1000000 have been killed. After international battle II and through the concerns, a wave of Irish guests moved to England to construct a greater, more secure lifestyles. they discovered areas to settle down—but then, as Occupy used to be taking on Wall road and London, the vocal Dale Farm group used to be evicted from their land. Many didn't go away their houses quietly; they submit a legal—and from time to time physical—fight.

Katharine Quarmby, an award-winning journalist who has suggested on Gypsies and guests in The Economist for the earlier seven years, takes us into the warmth of the conflict, following the Sheridan, McCarthy, Burton and Townsley households sooner than and after the eviction, from Dale Farm to Meriden, within the middle of britain, and different hassle spots. in line with unique entry and wealthy historic learn, No position to name Home is a deeply relocating and attractive narrative of long-sought justice.

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Belarus: The Last European Dictatorship

By Andrew Wilson

This e-book is the 1st in English to discover either Belarus’s advanced street to nationhood and to check intimately its politics and economics due to the fact 1991, the nation’s first yr of real independence. Andrew Wilson focuses specific cognizance on Aliaksandr Lukashenka’s staggering sturdiness as president, regardless of human rights abuses and involvement in yet one more rigged election in December 2010.

Wilson appears at Belarusian background as a sequence of fake starts off within the medieval and pre-modern classes, and on the many rival types of Belarusian identification, culminating with the Soviet Belarusian undertaking and the institution of Belarus’s present borders in the course of international conflict II. He additionally addresses Belarus’s on-off dating with Russia, its simultaneous makes an attempt to play a video game of stability within the no-man’s-land among Russia and the West, and the way, sarcastically, Belarus is finally turning into a real country lower than the guideline of Europe’s “last dictator.”

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The Uncertain Legacy of Crisis: European Foreign Policy Faces the Future

The ecu Union is mired within the worst drawback it has visible for lots of a long time. And the problem doesn't cease at Europe's aspect. It threatens to undercut the EU's targets to boost a coherent and lively international coverage, however it is usually forcing eu states to reevaluate their method of protection and defense.

Richard Youngs examines the legacy of the challenge and what it's going to suggest for the EU's foreign position. The fallout undermines the EU's international coverage skill and tarnishes its normative model, compelling a few member states to target realpolitik and their very own national-level regulations. yet there also are symptoms of more desirable ecu cooperation, higher foreign ambition, and deepened dedication to the values of a liberal international order. Youngs info how the ecu can craft an efficient overseas coverage procedure whereas confronting an inner fiscal obstacle and a reshaped worldwide order.

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