By George Goodwin
Flodden 1513: the largest and bloodiest Anglo-Scottish conflict. Its motives spanned many centuries; its outcomes have been as outstanding because the conflict itself.
On September nine, 1513, the vicious competition among the younger Henry VIII of britain and his charismatic brother-in-law, James IV of Scotland, led to violence at Flodden box within the north of britain. It was once the inevitable climax to years of mounting own and political stress wherein James bravely asserted Scotland’s independence and Henry demanded its obedience.
In Fatal Rivalry, George Goodwin, the best-selling writer of Fatal Colours, captures the colourful Renaissance elegance of the royal courts of britain and Scotland, with their extraordinary wealth, innovation, and inventive expression. He indicates how the wily Henry VII, faraway from the miser king of culture, spent massive sums to safe his throne and increase the monarchy to a brand new normal of beauty one of the courts of Europe. He demonstrates how James IV competed with the elder Henry, even claiming that Arthurian legend supported a separate Scottish id. Such contention served as an alternative for war—until Henry VIII’s belligerence pressured the genuine thing.
As England and Scotland scheme towards their biggest-ever conflict, Goodwin deploys a desirable and treacherous solid of characters: maneuvering ministers, cynical overseas allies, conspiring cardinals, and contrasting queens in Katherine of Aragon and Margaret Tudor.
Finally, at Flodden on September nine, 1513, King James turns out poised for the crushing victory that would make sure him as Scotland’s maximum king and—if an previous army foe proves not able to forestall him—put all of england in his grasp.
Five hundred years after this decisive conflict, Fatal Rivalry combines unique resources and smooth scholarship to re-create the royal drama, the army may possibly, and the realm in transition that created this sour conflict.
eight pages of colour; eight pages black-and-white illustrations
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Extra resources for Fatal Rivalry: Flodden, 1513: Henry VIII and James IV and the Decisive Battle for Renaissance Britain
Scottish kings needed to be ready to struggle over land – genuine or power – and for his or her dignity, for you to toughen their place inside Scotland itself. The function of the king inside his kingdom and the character of his kingship required it. Malcolm’s activities, either submissive and competitive, have been repeated down the centuries. So have been these of William the Conqueror. With a couple of awesome exceptions, English kings didn't glance to overcome and govern Scotland at once. They tended to be extra reactive and to safeguard what they believed to be defensible; for example, the overdue 11th century observed the development of castles at Carlisle and at the Tyne, paralleling Hadrian’s Wall, yet those defended a line around the narrowest a part of the rustic instead of the border itself. To the English, the connection with Scotland used to be vital, however it was once no longer a priority of the 1st rank. the concern that William’s Norman and Plantagenet descendants gave to the translation of Abernethy and successive treaties crucially relied on the authority they can command inside of England itself and the extent in their preoccupation with occasions to the south – in France. What they sought on their northern border used to be a level of safety. a few English kings completed this via elevating huge armies to discourage or perhaps defeat the Scots. different English rulers, no longer constantly the weaker ones, received Scottish complaisance via negotiation and obvious contract to elevated Scottish self-determination, if basically as a momentary expedient for extra instant virtue in England itself or around the Channel. a sequence of precedents was once created within the dating of the kings, a place given a level of complexity in the course of the 12th and 13th centuries as Norman aristocratic households collected lands on each side of the border. Then, on 19 March 1286, a freak coincidence altered the complete place. As King Alexander III hastened domestic via stormy stipulations to hitch his younger new spouse, his horse stumbled close to Kinghorn in Fife and he used to be thrown to his dying. Alexander’s first spouse and all 3 of his valid kids had predeceased him, leaving simply his youngster granddaughter Margaret to inherit. 25 even though the function of a local Scottish king was once good famous inside of his personal state and the Scots had past event of a minority, that they had no precedent for a three-year-old strength Queen designate whose soubriquet, ‘the Maid of Norway’, displays that her father used to be King Erik II. 26 Later that yr, Alexander’s counsellors set approximately marrying their past due King’s granddaughter to the son and inheritor of Edward I of britain. The warlike Edward had restored royal authority inside England via strength of fingers on behalf of his lack-lustre father, Henry III. He had conquered Wales. yet in 1290, with the betrothal of his six-year-old son to the Maid of Norway, it appeared that the English king had, in this party, triumphed via international relations. He had persuaded King Erik of Norway to renounce his daughter, and permit her sail south, in alternate for his monetary help.